Ride The Wind
"You should be happy to greet each day.
And if you're not happy, look inside yourself for the reason."
Page 95, Chapter 10.
(Ride The Wind by Lucia St.Clair Robson)

Naduah
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"Gambler-Piegan" by Edward S. Curtis c. 1900 (via)

pineridgesd:

Fine Arts students from Oglala Lakota College recently put on an Art Show at the Suzie Cappa Art Center in Rapid City, SD. The concept of the show is Misconceptions of the Reservation. Each artist demonstrates their interpretation of this in their own art forms. These photos by Angel White Eyes are of people from the Pine Ridge Reservation who overcome the statistics and break the mold of preconceived notions of people living on Pine Ridge. The show will be up until the end of July.

41 Years - The Pine Ridge Occupation

tamimentlibrary:

“The white man says that the 1890 massacre was the end of the wars with the Indian, the end of the Ghost Dance.  Yet here we are at war, we’re still Indians, and we’re Ghost Dancing again.”
-Russell Means, Pine Ridge Reservation, 1973

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Russell Means shakes hands with Assistant Attorney General Kent Frizzell as AIM signs a treaty to end the occupation of Wounded Knee; National Guardian Photographs; PHOTOS 213; box 9; folder 26; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

On this day in 1973, Native American activists surrendered to government officials, ending the Native occupation of the Pine Ridge reservation and Wounded Knee.  Though the American Indian Movement was founded in 1968 to support the Native American community, the path to the 1973 occupation of Wounded Knee started long before the 1960’s.  In 1890, approximately 300 Lakota men, women, and children were killed by American troops at Wounded Knee in South Dakota.  The 1960’s and 70’s saw a rising Native activism, what one historian called the shift from termination to self-determination.

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Reflection by graves of Aquash and Stuntz, Oglala Pine Ridge Reservation, 1985; National Guardian Photographs; PHOTOS 213; box 11; folder 41; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

By 1970, few businesses and little farmland on the Pine Ridge reservation were Lakota-owned.  Partly as a result, poverty rates were high for the Lakota on the reservation and national AIM activism sparked local action.  On February 27, 1973, several hundred Native people, Oglala Lakota leaders, and AIM members made demands at Wounded Knee on the Lakota Pine Ridge Reservation as a part of what is known as the Trail of Broken Treaties, a traveling Native American protest that started on the west coast in 1972 with a 20 point manifesto to be delivered to the United States Government.

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A Native woman sits drinking a cup of hot broth from the Red Cross the day Wounded Knee activists surrendered to government officials.

Woman at Pine Ridge, May 8, 1973; National Guardian Photographs; PHOTOS 213; box 11; folder 41; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

The points were largely aimed at the restoration of American Indian land, the enforcement or repeal of previous treaties, Bureau of Indian Affairs overhaul in light of corruption, and other legal safeguards to ensure Native sovereignty and authority.  The federal government did not acquiesce to AIM’s 20 point manifesto, but instead rejected the organization’s claim to speak for Native interests.

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Native Activist; National Guardian Photographs; PHOTOS 213; box 9; folder 23; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

A 71-day standoff between activists and the United States government ensued, for which scores of Native activists were arrested on criminal charges such as arson and theft.  Russell Means, an Oglala Lakota man and one of the activist leaders prosecuted by the US government as a result of the events, stated during the Pine Ridge occupation that, “The white man says that the 1890 massacre was the end of the wars with the Indian, the end of the Ghost Dance.  Yet here we are at war, we’re still Indians, and we’re Ghost Dancing again.

On May 8, 1973, the protesters at Wounded Knee surrendered to federal officials.  Trials and protests continued, but the occupation ended in a ten point treaty.  The effects of Native activism from the 1960’s and 70’s, notably the continued imprisonment of AIM activist Leonard Peltier, reverberate to this day.  Peltier was convicted of killing two federal officers in a standoff at Pine Ridge two years after the occupation.  Activists argue that evidence was tampered with in the case and the trial itself was unfair.  Peltier’s case remains a rallying point and symbol for AIM and for their supporters everywhere.

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Leonard Peltier Rally, New York, September 12, 1981; National Guardian Photographs; PHOTOS 213; box 11; folder 41; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University.

Read more over at The Back Table!

tamimentlibrary:

Today marks 41 years since the end of the Pine Ridge Occupation.

Read more about the American Indian Movement, the Ghost Dance Movement, and Native activism at our blog The Back Table!

609 / REBLOGlastrealindians:

International Indian Treaty Council representative Winona LaDuke addresses a U.N. conference on discrimination against indigenous populations in the Americas, in Geneva, Switzerland, in this September 1977 handout photo, by Dick Bancroft.

thepeoplesrecord:

Today in History: Wounded Knee Occupation of 1973

The occupation began as a demonstration for Lakota rights organized by members of the American Indian Movement (AIM) in the town of Wounded Knee, located on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota.1 For the organizers, the Lakota people, and historians, the community has great significance. Eighty-three years earlier, in 1890, Wounded Knee was the site of a major clash between the Lakota and the United States Army. This original event is considered the end of the Indian Wars.

Background
In 1973, the community on the Pine Ridge Reservation was deeply divided along political and cultural lines. Some community members asserted that the tribal chairman had abused his power by placing the tribal police force under his direct command and using violence and threats to intimidate community members who opposed his vision. The chairman’s supporters argued that he was working to preserve law and order on the reservation. 

From what I understood at the time, there were many people passionate about making a dramatic stand at Wounded Knee that would highlight everything we as Oglala Lakota and generally, Indigenous people everywhere, were suffering with and fighting against. —An excerpt from an oral history entitled, “Grassroots Memories of a Teenage Girl 1973" provided by Ethleen Iron Cloud-Two Dogs.

Occupation
Declaring themselves representatives of the leaders of the Oglala Nation, AIM members seized the town of Wounded Knee on February 27. Heading the protest were AIM leaders whose goals included recognition of the1868 Fort Laramie Treaty with the Sioux Nation, the removal of the tribal council, and new elections. The 71-day occupation attracted national media coverage and reawakened a national debate over the treatment of American Indians throughout the United States.

Government officials and members of the self-proclaimed Guardians of the Oglala Nation placed roadblocks to prevent access to the area, which the protesters had declaried to be the Independent Oglala Nation. Escalating tensions led to gunfire. Two people were killed from gunshot wounds and more than a dozen were wounded. One federal officer was seriously injured.2 After a series of negotiations, the occupation ended on May 8, 1973. Altogether, over 400 people were arrested as a result of the Wounded Knee occupation, resulting in 275 cases in federal, state and tribal courts.

Impact
On May 5th, an agreement was reached calling for a meeting on treaty rights between Native American leaders and government officials. A meeting was held on May 30th, but officials from President Nixon’s administration declined to hold further discussions. The subsequent trials of AIM leaders Russel Means and Dennis Banks attracted national attention. Charges against both men were dismissed after Judge Fred Joseph Nichol determined that there had been prosecutorial misconduct.

The occupation of Wounded Knee was a significant moment of Native American activism. Decades after the siege, many of the facts and the interpretation of the events at Wounded Knee in 1973 remain contested and controversial among  American Indians and non-Indians.

thepeoplesrecord:

Today in History: Wounded Knee Occupation of 1973

The occupation began as a demonstration for Lakota rights organized by members of the American Indian Movement (AIM) in the town of Wounded Knee, located on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota.1 For the organizers, the Lakota people, and historians, the community has great significance. Eighty-three years earlier, in 1890, Wounded Knee was the site of a major clash between the Lakota and the United States Army. This original event is considered the end of the Indian Wars.

Background
In 1973, the community on the Pine Ridge Reservation was deeply divided along political and cultural lines. Some community members asserted that the tribal chairman had abused his power by placing the tribal police force under his direct command and using violence and threats to intimidate community members who opposed his vision. The chairman’s supporters argued that he was working to preserve law and order on the reservation. 

From what I understood at the time, there were many people passionate about making a dramatic stand at Wounded Knee that would highlight everything we as Oglala Lakota and generally, Indigenous people everywhere, were suffering with and fighting against. —An excerpt from an oral history entitled, “Grassroots Memories of a Teenage Girl 1973" provided by Ethleen Iron Cloud-Two Dogs.

Occupation
Declaring themselves representatives of the leaders of the Oglala Nation, AIM members seized the town of Wounded Knee on February 27. Heading the protest were AIM leaders whose goals included recognition of the1868 Fort Laramie Treaty with the Sioux Nation, the removal of the tribal council, and new elections. The 71-day occupation attracted national media coverage and reawakened a national debate over the treatment of American Indians throughout the United States.

Government officials and members of the self-proclaimed Guardians of the Oglala Nation placed roadblocks to prevent access to the area, which the protesters had declaried to be the Independent Oglala Nation. Escalating tensions led to gunfire. Two people were killed from gunshot wounds and more than a dozen were wounded. One federal officer was seriously injured.2 After a series of negotiations, the occupation ended on May 8, 1973. Altogether, over 400 people were arrested as a result of the Wounded Knee occupation, resulting in 275 cases in federal, state and tribal courts.

Impact
On May 5th, an agreement was reached calling for a meeting on treaty rights between Native American leaders and government officials. A meeting was held on May 30th, but officials from President Nixon’s administration declined to hold further discussions. The subsequent trials of AIM leaders Russel Means and Dennis Banks attracted national attention. Charges against both men were dismissed after Judge Fred Joseph Nichol determined that there had been prosecutorial misconduct.

The occupation of Wounded Knee was a significant moment of Native American activism. Decades after the siege, many of the facts and the interpretation of the events at Wounded Knee in 1973 remain contested and controversial among  American Indians and non-Indians.

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Steven Garcia with his daughter Cheyenne during the Oglala College powwow on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota (date unknown).
24110 / REBLOGizanzanwin:

lastrealindians:

The Eagle Bull- Oxendine family is being sued by their child’s school for defamation, because they asked the school to permanently change their offensive and culturally insensitive Thanksgiving curriculum and to honor a two-year scholarship taken from their daughter after they voiced their concern over Native appropriation there.
They’re raising funds to defray mounting legal expenses. Please share this link and donate what you can. If they lose, we all lose. This case has the potential to set dangerous precedent where Natives are effectively gagged from speaking out against appropriation and the abuse of our culture and sacred ways by mainstream society. This is legal conquest. We can’t allow them to play Indian and hide behind judicial robes to do it. Thank you.  Contribute here: http://www.gofundme.com/8f3z30

Just $10 more to $9,000 of $15K. If every single celebrity or hipster who committed cultural appropriation contributed to this, the goal would have been reached instantly. It shouldnt be Native American’s job to educate people on Thanksgiving myths and appropriation. They ESPECIALLY shouldnt be getting punished- sued or even arrested (there are natives this happened to at a sporting event) for calling out appropriation. People always say “well its just a trend. Its good intentioned, its not a big deal”. Well guess what when you have people committing legal conquest suing and arresting native that is direct harm ON TOP of the erasure and perpetuated genocide that cultural appropriation and racist curriculums commit against Native Americans. After everything the United States has done you would think enough is enough but it never is. Freedom of speech should protect EVERYONE, not just the right to commit cultural imperialism. Its sick that Natives are denied rights from the constitution which once again is something else the United States was influenced by Native Americans when it was created.
6725 / REBLOGlakotapeopleslawproject:

Become a member at http://lakota.cc/1kvf8ka. This is just an example of the corruption that South Dakota DSS perpetuates. Learn more about the Mette Case at http://lakotalaw.org/special-reports/the-mette-affair. There are many stories like this, which is why we are assisting the Lakota tribes to create their own foster care system. Free the Mette Children! The South Dakota Dept. of Social Services placed 7 Lakota foster children into foster care with a non-Native, known molester. In what appears to be a common situation, the state of South Dakota placed 7 Lakota children into a foster family with a known molester, Richard Mette, and his enabling wife, Wendy Mette, from 2000 to 2013. The DSS knew of the accusations against Mr. Mette, but still placed Lakota foster children with him. The state ignored MULTIPLE complaints of sexual and physical abuse, and pleas for help from the children. 1. In 2001, the state ignored the foster boys’ complaints of molestation, and simply made the Mette adoptive parents sign a contract pledging to discontinue any illegal behavior. 2. In 2007, one of the girls told the police how she was sexually molested by Mr. Mette. She reported that Mrs. Mette knew about the molestations. Again, the DSS defended the Mette foster parents, and allowed the children to stay in the home. 3. Afterwards, Kelly, the older foster sister who had aged out of the Mette foster family, was getting reports from her younger siblings that the sexual and physical abuse was increasing and intensifying. She reported this to the South Dakota DSS, who ignored it and said they did not believe the children. Yankton Doctor sees bruises and reports abuse. In October 2010, the only boy among the Mette foster siblings at that time went to see a doctor at the Human Services Center in Yankton, S.D. The child, covered with bruises, disclosed abuse occurring in his adoptive home. He also detailed how Richard Mette, the adoptive father, was molesting the girls. The doctor contacted the authorities at once.  Brandon Taliaferro, the Assistant State’s Attorney responsible for criminal child abuse cases in Brown County, immediately began an investigation. The police search the Mette house and find more evidence of sexual abuse, including enough pornography to “pack a store”, including “family incest” porn. The children revealed they had been subjected to physical abuse, sexual molestation and threats of being beaten if they did not comply with the molestation or if they told anyone. In addition, the children explained that they were often given a choice between “b***jobs or beatings”. The children say they were forced to watch incest porn with Mr. Mette. The children were told that the porn, with titles like “Family Heat”, is how families are supposed to act.  The disgusted police charged Mr. Mette with 23 counts of child rape and incest, and Mrs. Mette with 11 counts of physical abuse and enabling. The State prosecutor, however, first attempted to drop all charges, and charged sexual predator Mr. Mette with only one count of “spanking”. When the State was not allowed to do this, they decided to charge Mr. Mette with only one count of rape of a child under 10. The other 22 charges of aggravated child rape and incest were dropped. The State then dropped all charges against Mrs. Mette, who the children said knew about and enabled the abuse. Children are now back with Mrs. Mette, where they can’t sue the State DSS. As the state’s DCI agent explained, South Dakota fears that they will face an expensive lawsuit by the seven Lakota foster children whose complaints of sexual abuse were ignored by the state for 10 years. Since they are now minors in the custody of Wendy Mette, the person who enabled the abuse, they cannot sue the state without her permission and support. What can we do?  Please call Tony West, the Associate Attorney General of the United States, and let him know that the federal Department of Justice needs to Free the Mette Children immediately!  (202) 514-9500 Learn more: www.lakotalaw.org/special-reports/the-mette-affair